Use your scraps - check out Quiltville
Quilter’s glossary: need to know terms to properly read a quilt pattern- From Craftsy
Understanding fabric grain
Selvage: The finished edge of fabric, which is typically removed before cutting. In quilting fabric, one side often includes the designer or manufacturer.
Crosswise grain: If you cut or draw a line from selvage to selvage, this is the crosswise grain; has more stretch than a lengthwise grain.
Lengthwise grain: The direction running parallel to the selvages; has the leastamount of stretch.
Bias: The 45-degree diagonal across a cut of fabric. Has the most stretch and is often used to create bias tape or quilting bindings.
Terms of measurement & fabric cuts
WOF: “Width of fabric.” Commonly used in a quilt pattern to describe cutting dimensions. For example, cut 5″ x WOF strip means to cut a 5″ strip from selvage to selvage, along the crosswise grain.
WOFQ: “Width of fat quarter,” (see above).
WOFE: “Width of fat eighth,” (see above).
LOF: Length of fabric, which runs along the lengthwise grain parallel to the selvage.
Yard: 36″ x width of fabric, typically 42″ to 44″ wide
Fat Quarter: 18″ x 22″ cut of fabric
Fat Eighth: 18″ x 11″ cut of fabric (half of a fat quarter)
Charms: 5″ x 5″ pre-cut fabric squares
Layer cake: 10″ x 10″ pre-cut fabric squares
Jelly roll: 2.5″ x WOF pre-cut strips
Quilt assembly terms
Basting: Method used to temporarily join together the three layers: quilt top, batting and quilt back. You can baste with safety pins, a needle and thread, adhesive basting spray, etc.
Binding: The final strip of fabric sewn around the perimeter of the quilt to seal the edges
Borders: Fabric frame that goes around a quilt top
HST: Half-square triangle, a common unit in quilting
RST / WST: Right sides together / Wrong sides together (refers to fabric with front / back sides touching)
Sashing: Fabric strips sewn in between blocks
SA: Seam allowance, which is the measurement along the side as two fabrics are joined together; these are most often a scant 1/4″ for quilting (slightly less than 1/4″).
Square up: To trim a quilt block until edges are even
Stitch in the ditch: To quilt along the natural seams
UFO: Unfinished object
WIP: Work in progress